Terms of Delivery

The terms in which commercial agreements are established in FindinMexico are based on the rules of the Incoterms 2010, which are standards for interpretation in international commercial transactions.

They regulate the distribution of documents, the conditions of delivery of merchandise and the distribution of costs and risks of commercial operations, and are regulated by the International Chamber of Commerce.

Group E: In origin place.

Rules Transport Buyer responsible for all carriage
EXW:Ex-Works
  • The seller does not assume any responsibility in relation to the shipment of the merchandise; he only commits to have it ready in his own place.
  • All the expenses, risks and customs procedures of the merchandise are assumed by the buyer.

Group F: Freight costs Not Included.

Rules Transport Buyer arranges main carriage
FCA: Free carrier at
  • The seller agrees to deliver the goods to the carrier chosen by the buyer in an agreed place or at the customs terminal in the country of origin.
  • Expenses and formalities of export customs from the country of origin are assumed by the seller, and import customs clearance into the country of destination are assumed by the buyer.
FAS: Free Alongside Ship
  • The seller fulfills his delivery obligation when the merchandise has been placed at the side of the ship, on the dock or in barges, at the agreed port of shipment.
  • Expenses and formalities of export customs from the country of origin are assumed by the seller, and import customs clearance into the country of destination are assumed by the buyer.
FOB: Free on Board
  • The seller fulfills his obligation to deliver the goods on board the ship designated by the buyer at the port of shipment agreed.
  • Expenses and formalities of export customs from the country of origin are assumed by the seller, and import customs clearance into the country of destination are assumed by the buyer.

Group C: Freight costs Included.

Rules Transport Sellerhandles the main cargo freight. The risks are transferred once the merchandise is delivered.
CFR: Cost and freight
  • The seller will pay the freight costs and freight necessary to deliver the goods to the agreed port of destination.
  • The risks are transferred from the seller to the buyer when the merchandise goes over the ships rail at the port of shipment.
  • Expenses and formalities of export customs from the country of origin are assumed by the seller, and import customs clearance into the country of destination are assumed by the buyer.
CIF: Cost, Insurance and Freight
  • The seller will pay the necessary expenses and freight to get the merchandise to the agreed port of destination and include the cargo insurance.
  • The risks are transferred from the seller to the buyer when the goods pass the ships rail at the port of shipment.
  • Expenses and formalities of export customs from the country of origin are assumed by the seller, and import customs clearance into the country of destination are assumed by the buyer.
CPT: Carriage Paid To
  • The seller pays freight for the transport of the goods to the agreed destination.
  • The risks are transferred from the seller to the buyer when the goods have been delivered to the custody of the carrier.
  • Expenses and formalities of export customs from the country of origin are assumed by the seller, and import customs clearance into the country of destination are assumed by the buyer.
CIP: Carriage and insurance paid to
  • The seller is responsible for all costs, including the main transport and insurance, until the merchandise arrives at the agreed destination in the country of destination.
  • The risks are transferred to the buyer at the time of delivery of the goods to the carrier within the country of origin.
  • Expenses and formalities of export customs from the country of origin are assumed by the seller, and import customs clearance into the country of destination are assumed by the buyer.

Group D: At the destination.

Rules Transport Seller handles the main cargo freight, the risks are transferred once the merchandise is deliver.
DAT: Delivery at Terminal
  • The seller is responsible for arranging carriage and for delivering the goods, unloaded from the arriving conveyance, at the named place.
  • Risk transfers from seller to buyer when the goods have been unloaded.
  • The “Terminal” can be any place – a quay, container yard, warehouse or transport hub.
  • The buyer is responsible for import clearance and any applicable local taxes or import duties.
DAP: Delivery at Place
  • The seller is responsible for arranging carriage and for delivering the goods, ready for unloading from the arriving conveyance, at the named place.
  • Risk transfers from seller to buyer when the goods are available for unloading; so unloading is at the buyer’s risk.
  • Expenses and formalities of export customs from the country of origin are assumed by the seller and the buyer is responsible for import clearance and any applicable local taxes or import duties.
DDP: Delivery Duty Place
  • The seller is responsible for arranging carriage and delivering the goods at the named place, cleared for import and all applicable taxes and duties paid.
  • Risk transfers from seller to buyer when the goods are made available to the buyer, ready for unloading from the arriving conveyance.
  • This rule places the maximum obligation on the seller, and is the only rule that requires the seller to take responsibility for import clearance and payment of taxes and/or import duty.